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While on our recent trip to the Harz Region in Saxony-Anhalt, we saw Germany’s smallest house in Wernigerode, the oldest house in Quedlinburg and read about the country’s oldest surviving industrial structure in Goslar, and it got me thinking about all the superlatives of Germany we have visited and heard about. So I made a listicle of all (ok not alllll) of Germany’s oldest, biggest, smallest, tallest, longest things!
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Perhaps you’re looking to visit Germany soon and are looking for some unique things to do in Germany. Here I’ve got you covered for many of Germany’s superlative sights to visit, from the world’s biggest robot and cuckoo clock to the oldest university in Germany and beyond! Hopefully you can find enough Germany travel inspiration to make you book a ticket and head out on a road trip through this beautiful country!
The smallest house is in Wernigerode on Kochstraße 43 and is 2,95 m wide. The front door is 1,70 m high.
The tallest church tower is the Ulm Minster 161.5 m (530 ft).
The tallest twin spired cathedral is the Cologne Cathedral at 157 m (515 ft) tall.
The tallest building building is the Commerzbank Tower in Frankfurt at 259 m high.
The smallest state in Germany is Bremen.
The largest state in Germany is Bavaria.
The longest castle is Burghausen stretching for 1,100 m (3,608 ft) in Bavaria.
The most iconic castle is the Neuschwanstein Castle built by King Ludwig II of Bavaria.
The oldest castle in Germany is the Meersburg Castle at Lake Constance (Bodensee) in Baden-Württemberg.
The oldest cafe is the Cafe Prinzess in Regensburg, opened in 1686.
The oldest restaurant is the Wurstkuchl, also in Regensburg which has been serving sausages since the 17th century, but building remains date back to 1135 AD.
The oldest bridge that has never been destroyed is the Stone Bridge in Regensburg dating back to the 12th century and was the only bridge for 800 years to cross the river. Trier’s Römerbrücke’s pillars date back to the 2nd century A.D. but was destroyed by French troops in 1686 and was rebuilt.
The deepest & the longest cave in Germany is in Untersberg, Bavaria and was discovered in 1996!
The oldest surviving industrial structure in the world is the Rammelsberg in Goslar dating back to the 10th century.
The oldest instrument is a medieval hurdy-gurdy can also be found in Goslar at the Musikinstrumente- und Puppen-Museum.
The most unintentional leaning tower in the world is now Suurhusen Tower in northwestern Germany, beating the Leaning Tower of Pisa by 1.22°.
The largest robot in the world is Tradinno, a massive dragon in Furth im Wald. It weighs 11-ton, cost over 2 million euros to build by 20 different companies, including Hollywood. It is 16 meters long and 5 meters high.
The strongest economy in Europe is Germany.
The first female doctor was Dorothea Christiane Erxleben (1715–1762) from Quedlinburg.
The longest word in German is Donaudampfschifffahrtselektrizitätenhauptbetriebswerkbauunterbeamtengesellschaft (79 letters) which translates to something like “Danube steamboat shipping electricity main engine facility building sub clerk association”.
The oldest university in Germany is the University Heidelberg which was established in 1386.
The largest spa town is Wiesbaden with 23 spas and is also one of the oldest spa towns in Germany!
The biggest heavy metal festival in the world takes places in the small town of Wacken, Germany with over 85,000 attendees.
The largest cuckoo clock can be found in the Black Forest in Triberg-Schonach and its rival in Schonach!
The most zoos in Europe can be found in Germany.
The first national park in Germany is the Bavarian Forest National Park, established in 1970.
The tallest mountain in Germany is the Zugspitze at 2,962 m (9,718 ft.) tall near Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
The most expensive city to live in is Munich, Bavaria!
The oldest city in Germany is Trier dating back to 16 BC as Augusta Treverorum.
The largest population in Europe is Germany with 82.67 million people.
The 2nd biggest beer drinkers in Europe are the Germans, consuming 104.7 liters of beer per capita. The Czech Republic comes in first at 142.6 liters!
The most efficient recycler in Europe is Germany, recycling some 65% of all trash!
The largest cathedral pipe organ in the world is at the Passau Cathedral with 17,000 pipes.
The largest city is Berlin with 3.47 million people (2015).
The smallest town is Arnis in Schleswig-Holstein has only 279 people (2015).
The oldest row of half-timbered houses is in Esslingen on Hafenmarkt 4 – 10, dating back to 1328 – 1331.
The oldest house in Germany is now the Fachwerkmuseum in Quedlinburg on Wordgasse 3, dating back to 1310.
The oldest hotel is Zum Roten Bären in Freiburg dating back to 1120.
The narrowest street in the world is Spreuerhofstraße in Reutlingen. It ranges from 31 centimeters (12.2 in) at its narrowest to 50 centimeters (19.7 in) at its widest
The deepest lake is Lake Constance (Bodensee) at 251 meters (823 ft) deep.
The cleanest/clearest lake & the 3rd deepest is Königssee in Bavaria.
world’s longest pedestrian suspension bridge in Germany is the “Titan-RT” in the Harz Region at 458 m (1,502 ft) long and opened on May 7, 2017! (However, as of August 2, 2017 the new world’s longest is now in Switzerland!)
The longest river in Germany is the Danube.
The narrowest point of the Danube is the 80 m (262 ft) wide heading towards Weltenburg Abbey.
The world’s oldest monastery brewery is the Weltenburg Abbey dating back to 1050.
The highest (unlimited) speed limit is on the Autobahn in Germany!
The state with the most wind turbines is Saxony-Anhalt.
The poorest state in Germany is Saxony-Anhalt.
The richest state in Germany is Bavaria.
The world’s largest ceiling fresco is at the Würzburg Residenz.
The oldest biergarten is the Augustiner Keller in Munich in 1812.
The oldest social housing in Europe was founded by Jacob Fugger in 1516 in Augsburg.
The largest pumpkin festival in the world is the Ludwigsburg Pumpkin Festival with over 400,000 pumpkins!
The largest pumpkin in the world weighed in at 1,190.49 kg (2,624.6 lb) in Ludwigsburg.
The largest model train set can be found in Hamburg at the Miniatur Wunderland.
The world’s oldest mechanically printed book was the Gutenberg Bible, printed in Mainz, Germany c.1455 by Johann Henne zum Gensfleisch zur Laden.
The largest hamburger weighs 1,164.2 kg (2,566 lb 9 oz) in Pilsting, on July 9, 2017!
The most beer steins carried over 40 m is 25 and was achieved by Oliver Struempfel (not pictured) on September 21, 2014.
The largest indoor water park is Tropical Islands Resort located in the former Brand-Briesen Airfield in the Krausnick.
The biggest amusement park in Germany is Europa-Park.
The longest schnitzel measured 96.7 m (317 ft 3 in) and was made by Landgasthof Jossgrund in Sinntal-Jossa.
The highest waterfall in Germany is located in Triberg in the Black Forest with a decent of 163 m which is a collection of seven falls in one.
The oldest mustard mill can be found in Cochem in the Mosel Valley using recipes that date to the 15th century!
The largest nutcracker is 10.10 m (33 ft 1 in) high and is fully functional. It was made in Neuhausen, Germany, on August 9, 2008.
The oldest Jewish cemetery in Europe is in Worms.
The largest university town in Germany s Giessen with over 45% of the population as students.
The most bicycle friendly city in Germany is Münster with over 500,000 bicycles!
The most famous Christmas Market in Germany is the Nuremberg Christkindlmarkt with more than 2 million visitors per year.
The oldest Christmas Market in Germany is the Dresden Striezelmarkt daring back to 1434.
The tallest Christmas pyramid in Germany s 14.62 meters at the Dresden Christmas Market.
The oldest opera house is The Hamburg State Opera and was founded in 1678.
The latest roadside attraction is the upside down house the A3 autobahn in Wertheim called Cafe über Kopf.
The coolest tower is the Kuchlbauer Brewery’s Hundertwassserturm in Abensberg!
The largest wine barrel in the world can be found within the Heidelberg Castle. Built in 1751 and stands 7 meters high, is 8.5 meters wide, holds 220,000 liters (58,124 gallons) of wine, and has a dance floor built on top of it.
The warmest regions of Germany can be found in the south-west (German Wine Route and Palatinate). Summers can be hot with many days exceeding 30 °C (86 °F) and don’t drop below 20 °C (68 °F).
The sunniest city in Germany is Freiburg im Breisgau.
The oldest hospital in the Heiligen-Geist-Hospital (Holy Ghost Hospital) in Lübeck.
The narrowest house in Germany is only 2.05 meters wide in Eisenach, Thuringia!
The largest island in Germany is the island of Rügen, along the Baltic Sea in Mecklenberg-Western Pomerania.
The longest pier in Germany is the Heringsdorf Pier at a length of 508 meters, stretching out into the Baltic Sea, on the island of Usedom.
The largest craft beer festival in Germany takes place at Neupfarrplatz in Regensburg.
The oldest social housing in Germany is the Fuggerei in Augsburg and rent hasn’t increased since 1520 and costs .88 cents to live in per year!
The first UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany was the Aachen Cathedral in 1978 because it’s the oldest cathedral in northern Europe.
The largest brick building in the world is the Göltzsch Viaduct in Netzschkau near Zwickau.
The largest historical pageant in Europe is the Landshuter Hochzeit every 4 years in Landshut with music, jousting, feasting, pageantry, dating back to 1475!
The longest pedestrian street & shopping zone is the Hauptstrasse (Main Street) in Heidelberg.
So, if you know a superlative about Germany that I missed, please send it my way as I love collecting interesting facts about Germany such as these. Facts like these making visiting Germany more interesting and sightseeing more fun when you can search out little facts! If anything, they sometimes encourage me to visit because of those facts!
Nonetheless, I hope these tidbits encourage you to get out and explore more of Germany because there are so many wonderful things to see and do in Germany, and so little time to do them all!
If you’re interested in visiting Germany and are looking for more information, I highly recommend using the DK Eyewitness Travel Guide! Without these guides, I would be lost! This is my travel Bible!